Tourists are flocking to Brazil in their thousands, many of them choose the countries beautiful open spaces rather than its cities mainly it’s amazing forests. When people in other countries think of the Brazilian forests they almost inevitably picture the huge Amazon area. However there is another, quite distinct region which has both similarities and great differences in types and distribution of species.
The Atlantic Forest of South America is a natural vegetation area which formerly covered over half a million square miles of coastal Brazil plus parts of adjacent Paraguay and northern Argentina. Despite being much reduced by land-clearance and settlement in the last couple of centuries, the forest (‘Mata Atlântica’ in Portuguese) is still a discernible area. It stretches all the way along the Brazilian coast from Rio Grande do Sul state in the south up to Rio Grande do Norte in the north while extending into small parts of neighbouring Paraguay and Argentina.
Although mainly including tropical and sub-tropical trees and plants, the surviving area today does have regional variations. These include broadleaf forest (both moist and dry), shrub lands, savannah and mangrove dominated districts. As a truly tropical rainforest, the overall system is very unusual as it extends as far south as 24 degrees of latitude. This is generally due to the Atlantic trade winds producing massive moisture during the southern hemisphere winter which is between May and September.
Despite so little of the Atlantic Forest still remaining these days, a total area about the size of England does survive. There’s also a remarkable diversity of plants and animals remaining within it and indeed exclusive to it. In fact, it’s reckoned that up to forty percent of vascular plants and sixty percent of vertebrate animals are endemic (unique to this area). In addition, half of all the tree species represented here are not found anywhere else.
Some of the fascinating creatures from here are well known elsewhere, including marmosets, woolly spider monkeys and lion tamarins (small monkeys with black and/or golden fur, either wholly or partly covering them).New plant and (to a lesser extent) animal species are constantly being discovered in the surviving parts of the primary forest. For instance, since 1990 over a thousand new species of flowering plant have been identified.
Despite government legislation to conserve the area, the remaining parts of the forest are under constant deforestation threat. This is from the ever-expanding pasture and farming activities of the people. After all, it’s a densely populated part of the continent and nearly seventy percent of Brazil’s 200 million inhabitants live on or near the coast of the huge country.
Tourists are not the only people who are flocking to Brazil. The upcoming FIFA world cup this summer and the Olympic Game in 2016 means many businesses are looking to the booming economy of brazil to further increase profits especially property developers and investment companies who have been flooding to Brazil thanks to the minha casa minha vida (my house my life) programme, an innovative scheme launched by the previous Brazilian government to reduce the countries massive housing deficit.
Anyone wishing to know more about minha casa minha vida investments should contact EcoHouse through their main website http://www.ecohousegroup.com, you can also visit one of the many EcoHouse Group impartial blogs to learn more
At the time of publication EcoHouse Group where still taking on new investors for their Bosque Developments.